Water Damage Classifications and Categories- Overview

Water damage is available in a range of types that can be simply annoying or potentially unsafe, depending upon the source of the circulation. Today, we will review the basic categories of water leaks, the kind of damage they can trigger and the recommended steps to treat them. Water damage is broken up into various categories and categories according to requirements set by the IICRC.

Category 1 (Clear Water)

This type of water damage takes place when a pipeline or home appliance springs a leak or overflows when left on ignored. Luckily, in these types of scenarios, the water is typically clean and does not present any real threat to you instantly. Clean water damage typically is a concern for the surrounding environment, such as carpets, books and other personal belongings that are not water-resistant and might require restoration work done if the flooding happens over an extended period. Additionally, water damage can potentially result in more severe issues such as mold growth that will require the attention of a professional mold inspector and remediator.

Category 2 (Grey Water)

Gray water damage involves some degree of contamination, whether it’s physical, biological or chemical. In layperson’s terms, gray water is dangerous however not dangerous and requires some type of removal to guarantee that the environment is correctly brought back for human inhabitation. The most common home gray water situations come from toilets, dishwashers, and cleaning maker leakages, where detergents or food particles are mingled in with the water system. Gray water, like clean water, might likewise cause mold damage in ignored circumstances and can also potentially lead to other structural problems depending upon the type of pollutant in the water.

Classification 3 (Black Water)

This is the most uncommon type of water damage as well as the most hazardous. Blackwater includes incredibly unhygienic agents consisting of bacteria and fungus, and infect all surface areas it touches. Blackwater damage is normally triggered by natural catastrophes such as storms and floods, where debris is cleaned into the water, or from ruptured sewage lines or sewage-disposal tanks. This kind of water damage need to be handled by a professional remediation company and possibly the state EPA, as the consequences of leaving the scenario untreated or inappropriate treatment can be devastating to lots of others besides the property owner.

In addition to the types of water damage, there are also numerous classifications to specify the rate of evaporation for a water damage scenario. This info is consequently made use of by the

Water Classifications


technicians to identify the proper method of dry out and an approximate timeline.

Class 1 (Slow Evaporation Rate)


This is the most benign level of water damage in which only a part of a room or area is impacted, or the materials involved are reasonably low permanence or porosity such as particleboard, structural wood or plywood. In these scenarios, there is generally a minimum amount of wetness taken in by-products and repair time is usually quick.

Class 2 (Fast Evaporation Rate)


This class normally involves a whole room or flood damage where water has wicked up to 24 inches on the wall. Moisture can be present in the structure as well. These situations are middle of the road as far as the work and time included.

Class 3 (Fastest Evaporation Rate)


Class 3 situations frequently involve water that comes from above, either from an upstairs room or outside throughout heavy rain. In these situations, water has filled more than 24 inches above the wall, posing serious structural danger and potential damage if not instantly dealt with.

Class 4 (Specialty Drying Situations)


In this class, the surrounding structure and products have low permeance/porosity, causing water to remain in saturated pockets throughout. Examples include hardwood, brick, concrete or other materials that do not have a high quantity of absorption rate for wetness. These circumstances require extremely specific low humidity and ventilation solutions for water to be effectively removed.

While the class and classification of a water emergency can generally be rapidly inferred, make sure to double-check with your water specialist when they get here on the website to get the full scope of the circumstance after an expert inspection has been conducted. Your service technician needs to be able to provide you with an approximate quote of the timeframe, in addition to details on the precise work that needs to be done to bring whatever back up to speed. We will cover the various approaches of water damage restoration in our next short article so be sure to stay tuned!